Thomas Moran, 1837–1926
Opus 24: Rome, from the Campagna, Sunset, 1867
Oil on canvas, 63.5 x 114.6 cm (25 x 45-1/8 in.)
Thomas Moran painted Rome, from the Campagna, Sunset in his Philadelphia studio in June 1867, shortly after from his second trip abroad. The time spent in Europe gave Moran the opportunity to study thoroughly the work of historic and contemporary artists and to travel in Italy. Moran produced several sketches within Rome proper, but it was his experience in the Campagna, the landscape south of the city, that would inspire a dramatic transformation in his work. Pre-dating Moran’s first trip to the American West by just four years, Rome from the Campagna, Sunset is a unique precursor to the open vistas and monumental expanses of the western landscapes that would be the hallmark of his career.
Purchased directly from the artist in the 1880s(?) by Mr. Joseph Gilbert for $75.00 
Presented as a wedding gift to Sylvia Gilbert, Mr. Gilbert’s daughter, and Arthur Percival Woodward, early 1900s(?)
By descent to their son, Benjamin Woodward
Given to Diana Woodward Stephens, mid-1980s
Acquired by the Putnam Foundation, 2005
 In the 1860s Moran maintained a written list of his significant works. This record, referred to as the “Opus List,” includes forty-two works. The last entry, which dates to November 1868, is reproduced from the “Opus List” (Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Okla.) as follows: “No. 24. Rome, from the Campagna, Sunset / Painted in June 1867 after return from Europe. Size 25 x 45. Shown at A.F.S. in Feb & March 1868. Sent to Chicago in April 1868. / Returned in July 1868. / [added in purple ink] Afterwards sold to Gilbert for $75.00.” Moran often inscribed the opus number near his signature; it appears on the Timken picture, just after the date.